Extradition

INTERPOL is located in France and was established in 1923 to ensure that there is cooperation between police forces around the world to cut down on transnational crimes. INTERPOL (International Criminal Police Organization) may even exist where there are no diplomatic relations between the countries. Should there be a notice issued then immigration check points will scan your passport to see if you have been listed.

Thai

There are a number of notices which can be issued by INTERPOL. These are as follows:

Red Notice: This is the same as an international arrest warrant and you will be arrested;

Blue Notice: This is a request for additional information on the person involved in a crime;

Green Notice: This is a warning that the person was involved in a crime and might do it again;

Yellow Notice: This is issued to find a missing person who might not know who he is;

Black Notice: This is issued to request information about unidentified bodies;

Orange Notice: This is issued to warn other countries about concealed weapons and bomb threats.

Once you get arrested, the other country who has issued the notice might want to extradite. Thailand currently has extradition treaties with 14 countries for extradition. Note however that the extradition falls under the Extradition Act B.E. 2551 (2008) but will also take into account the wording in the extradition treaties. These countries currently are the following:

Extradition Treaties

USA Belgium South Korea Philippines
UK China Laos Cambodia
Malaysia Bangladesh Fiji Australia
Canada Indonesia

The extradition has to fall outside of the following issues which has been highlighted below:

  • The offence is not political in nature;
  • The offence is not exclusively concerning the military;
  • The extradition does not violate other Thai laws;

Those are the very basics of the extradition and you should consult a criminal attorney in Thailand for proper legal advice. The extradition request goes directly to the Attorney General in Thailand. This request must include the warrant for arrest, detailing all of the offenses. These must also include statement of facts and a statement of the maximum penalty. Many countries will not extradite where the person faces the death penalty. Take legal advice and assistance should you be on an INTERPOL list.

 

Thai